Application: Scientific
The Univac System

1948
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In the earliest days of electronic computing (around the time of World War II), all computing was ‘scientific.’ That is, the only applications capable of justifying an electronic computer were generally military or scientific in nature.

As computers became a commercial product in the mid-1950s and their utility to business could be established (or at least suggested), computing was divided into business and scientific markets. The two markets had very different technical requirements: business worked in decimal arithmetic (basically dollars and cents), speed was not as critical; scientific machines did extensive floating-point calculations so long word lengths, high-speed memory, and large and fast storage were all critical. With IBM’s System/360 product line, introduced in April, 1964, the distinction blurred.

Scientific uses can foster both the propagation of smaller, less powerful workstation or PC-like computers to the individual and the design and use of large, very expensive supercomputers. Scientific applications were in large measure driven by the Cold War’s demands for cryptography, bomb simulation, and weather prediction and the hardware and software of supercomputers designed for this reflected these needs. Today, the fastest computers in the world are built of thousands of individual microprocessors in a massively-parallel arrangement.
Brochure List: Scientific Sort:
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Converting to the IBM System/360
1964
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Decision support systems: Managerial tools enhance decision making
1977
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EAI 640 Digital Computing System
1966
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EAI 680 Scientific Computing System: An Economical, High-Performanc... Hybrid Computer
1965
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EAI 7800 Scientific Computation System
1968
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EAI 8800 Scientific Computing System System Description
1965
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Ferranti Orion Computer System
1960
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FOX 1 A New and Advanced Computer System for Plant Monitoring and Process ControlCreator Foxboro
1971
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Friden Machines for Integrated Data Processing: Tape Talk
1960 - 1969
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GFT77 Fortran compiler for Cray supercomputers
1986
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