Application: Scientific
The Univac System

1948
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In the earliest days of electronic computing (around the time of World War II), all computing was ‘scientific.’ That is, the only applications capable of justifying an electronic computer were generally military or scientific in nature.

As computers became a commercial product in the mid-1950s and their utility to business could be established (or at least suggested), computing was divided into business and scientific markets. The two markets had very different technical requirements: business worked in decimal arithmetic (basically dollars and cents), speed was not as critical; scientific machines did extensive floating-point calculations so long word lengths, high-speed memory, and large and fast storage were all critical. With IBM’s System/360 product line, introduced in April, 1964, the distinction blurred.

Scientific uses can foster both the propagation of smaller, less powerful workstation or PC-like computers to the individual and the design and use of large, very expensive supercomputers. Scientific applications were in large measure driven by the Cold War’s demands for cryptography, bomb simulation, and weather prediction and the hardware and software of supercomputers designed for this reflected these needs. Today, the fastest computers in the world are built of thousands of individual microprocessors in a massively-parallel arrangement.
Brochure List: Scientific Sort:
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The computer for the college and university with too much to do on a tight budget
1972
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The Cray Extended Architecture Series of Computer Systems
1988
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The CRAY X-MP Series of Computer Systems
1985
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The Cray-1 computer system
1977
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The CRAY-1 S Series of Computers
1979
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The CRAY-2 Computer System. Cray Research, Inc
1985
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The Data-Set Approach to On-Line Mass Storage
1975
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The Entire Concept of Computers Has Changed...IBM System/360
1964
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The ERA Computation Center for Industry, Government and Research
1950
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The GE-205 Information Processing System Proved Hardware and Software... Available Now!
1964
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