Title: Johnniac computer
Photographer: Clark, Jeremy
Credit Line: Computer History Museum
In the late 1950s, Carnegie Mellon University researchers Allen Newell, Herbert Simon and Cliff Shaw at the Rand Corporation, wrote the NSS chess program to run on the Johnniac computer--one of seventeen custom-built machines inspired by John von Neumannís design at the Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ in 1954. You can see the Johnniac on display in the Computer History Museum's Visible Storage area.