Arlazarov, Ushkov, and Donskoy in Moscow
Arlazarov, Ushkov, and Donskoy in Moscow
1980
Gift of Monroe Newborn
102645411
In 1971, Soviet scientists (l-r): Vladimir Arlazarov, Alexander Ushkov, and Mikhail Donskoy at Moscow’s Institute for Control Science, created the chess program Kaissa which included many original software features such as “bit boards.” In 1974, Kaissa won all four games at the First World Computer Chess Championship in Stockholm.