Artifact Details

Title

Sparks, Morgan and Betty oral history

Catalog Number

102702202

Type

Text

Date

1993-06-17

Contributor

Hoddeson, Lillian, Interviewer
Riordan, Michael, Interviewer; Editor
Sparks, Betty, Interviewee
Sparks, Morgan, Interviewee
Sparks, Morgan M., Editor

Publisher

Computer History Museum

Place of Publication

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Extent

67 p.

Copyright Holder

Computer History Museum

Description

Morgan Sparks (July 6, 1916 - May 3, 2008) joined Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1943. He worked with Gordon Teal to develop the first successful junction transistors based on the work of William Shockley. Sparks rose through the Bell management ranks and in 1972 became director of the Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, which was then managed by AT&T. This audio tape interview with Sparks and his wife Betty (Shockley's secretary at Bell Labs) was conducted by Lillian Hoddeson and Michael Riordan in 1993 during research for their 1997 book "Crystal Fire: The Birth of the Information Age." It was fully transcribed and edited by Riordan and Morgan M. Sparks in 2009.

Category

Transcription

Subject

semiconductor history; Sparks, Morgan; Sparks, Betty; Bell Laboratories; Ohl, Russell; Shockley, William; Moore, H.R.; Bardeen, John; Brattain, Walter H.; PN junction; Teal, Gordon; Little, John; Morton, Jack; Germanium; transistor; junction; Hall, Bob; General Electric Co. (GE); RCA; Rockefeller, Laurence; Sony Corporation; Ibuka, Masaru; Brown, Ralph; Murray Hill; Kelly, Mervin; Shive, John; Fletcher, Harvey

Collection Title

Oral Histories Online

Credit

Gift of Michael Riordan

Lot Number

X4015.2007