Artifact Details

Title

Odysseys in Technology: Pixels and Me, lecture by Richard Lyon

Catalog Number

102703183

Type

Moving Image

Date

2005-03-23

Credits

Lyon, Richard F.

Publisher

Computer History Museum

Place of Publication

Mountain View, CA, US

Duration

01:27:18

Format

DVD

Copyright Holder

Computer History Museum

Description

From abstract: "Computers have revolutionized image media. Richard Lyon, one of the current pioneers of digital cameras, has found that several generations of pioneers in this field have been entangled with the terms "picture element" and "pixel" and that studying the history of the terminology is a fruitful approach to the history of the people and technology. Vladimir Zworykin's television research group at RCA popularized the term "picture element" in the 1930s, while the TV researchers at Bell Labs ignored that term, preferring "image element." Fred Billingsley and others at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory developed computerized image processing and propagated the term "pixel" in the 1960s, while image processing researchers at Bell Labs ignored that term, preferring "pel." In the early 1970s, "pixel" was spread through computer image processing publications from NASA, USC, IBM, Stanford, University of Missouri, and other places, eventually coming to be applied to elements of image sensor hardware, such as Lyon's optical mouse in 1980 and digital camera sensors more recently. Many of the people involved in this complex history have provided their personal recollections and documents to help piece the story together, and more such inputs will be solicited from the Computer History Museum audience."

Category

Lecture

Series Title

Computer History Museum Speaker Series

Lot Number

X4913.2009