Artifact Details

Title

Alferov, Zhores I. oral history

Catalog Number

102746430

Type

Text

Date

2012-05-16

Contributor

Alferov, Zhores, Interviewee
Fairbairn, Doug, Editor
Ponomarenko, Vladimir, Videographer
Remacle, Rosemary, Interviewer

Publisher

Computer History Museum

Place of Publication

St. Petersburg, Russia

Extent

39 p.

Copyright Holder

Computer History Museum

Description

Zhores Alferov was born in Vitebsk, Byelorussia in 1930. In 1947, he attended Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute in electronic engineering. Upon graduation, he entered the loffe Institute. He is currently Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, loffe Physio-Technical Institute. Among his major accomplishments is the awarding of the Nobel Prize in physics for his research in semiconductor heterostructures used in high speed electronics.

This interview includes fascinating stories relating to his early life, growing up during WWII. His father had fought in WWI and later became a senior minister. Zhores’ education was in physics and electronics where he studied vacuum tubes. He began work in semiconductor physics and materials as early as 1949. He was involved in the earliest work on PN junction transistors in the Soviet Union.

Category

Transcription

Subject

semiconductor history; Nobel Prize; transistor; Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Zelenograd; Svetlana Semiconductor; heterostructures; heterostructural lasers

Collection Title

Oral history collection

Series Title

Russian semiconductor pioneers

Lot Number

X6507.2012