Victor Tsvetov was born in Leningrad, Russia in 1934. He entered the Electro-technical Institute in 1951, where he earned a diploma in 1956. He joined Svetlana Semiconductor in about 1957 to work on semiconductor technology. He was in first class at Institute to finish studies in semiconductors and dielectrics. He studied influence of certain physical parameters in germanium alloy transistors—in particular, the influence of crystal orientation. He was part of the team which designed and moved into production, some of the first transistors produced in the Soviet Union. Later in his career, he also became involved in the design of microprocessors. As an interesting sidelight, he managed American defector, Joel Barr (Joseph Berg) for many years, and for a short time, Philip Staros was his deputy. Tsvetov held various positions at Svetlana Semiconductor for over 50 years, including engineer, designer, and executive.
semiconductor history; Svetlana Semiconductor; Electrotechnical Institute; Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Pulsar; Tzutko; alloy transistors; analog switches; Staros, Filipp Georgievich; Berg, Jozef Veniaminovich