Artifact Details

Title

Nosov, Yury R. oral history

Catalog Number

102746433

Type

Text

Date

2012-05-17

Contributor

Melikhov, Ernesto Garcia, Interpreter
Nosov, Yury R., Interviewee
Ponomarenko, Vladimir, Videographer
Remacle, Rosemary, Interviewer

Publisher

Computer History Museum

Place of Publication

Moscow, Russia

Extent

65 p.

Copyright Holder

Computer History Museum

Description

Yury Nosov was born in 1931 in or near Moscow. In 1949, he entered the Physics and Technical Department, Moscow State University (now Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology). He graduated Winter 1954. While there, he studied nuclear physics.

In 1954, upon graduation, the government sent him to work at Enterprise SKB245 in 1955, which was to focus on the new field of computational technologies. Just before his arrival, they had designed the first Russian universal computer, Strela. Nosov, however, was assigned to a new semiconductor division within this Enterprise. The goal of this semiconductor division was to design new parts for the computers. Personally, Mr. Nosov worked on pulse diodes. He became head of his laboratory in 1957. In 1959, he left the Enterprise to join the loffe Institute, where he earned a PhD in 1964. While there, he continued his work on diodes as well as later moving to optoelectronics. Throughout his career, he earned 70 patents, and was honored as a USSR State Prize Laureate for his work as a discrete device pioneer.

Category

Transcription

Subject

semiconductor history; Pulse diodes; Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Enterprise SKB245; Zelenograd; Strela (Comptuer); Trutko; Alferov, Zhores I.

Collection Title

Oral history collection

Series Title

Russian semiconductor pioneers

Lot Number

X6507.2012