This Day in History
April 30, 1904
Computer pioneer George Stibitz Is Born
George Stibitz is Born.
April 30, 1916
Information Theory Pioneer Claude Shannon Is Born
Claude Shannon is born in Gaylord, Michigan. Known as the inventor of information theory, Shannon is the first to use the word "bit." Shannon, a contemporary of John von Neumann, Howard Aiken, and Alan Turing, sets the stage for the recognition of the basic theory of information that could be processed by the machines the other pioneers developed. He investigates information distortion, redundancy and noise, and provides a means for information measurement. He identifies the bit as the fundamental unit of both data and computation.