This Day in History: November 2
November 2, 1916
Adriaan van Wijngaarden Born
Adriaan van Wijngaarden was a leader in programming linguistics and language translation and a contributor to Algol 60. He led the recasting of Algol 60 into Algol 68, a vastly different language that was not only state of the art but also incited features that were far ahead of its time. He received the IEEE Computer Society Pioneer Award for this work in 1986. He died in 1987.
November 2, 1815
Logician Boole Born
George Boole, the British creator of a mathematico-logical system that bears his name, is born in Lincoln, England. He began his career as a schoolteacher, writing articles on mathematics in his spare time. These investigations led to the book Mathematical Analysis of Logic. Queen's University at Cork, Ireland, recognized Boole's contributions and offered him the chair of mathematics in 1848. This opportunity allowed Boole to extend his studies and produce his most significant work An Investigation of the Laws of Thought. Dublin and Oxford Universities awarded Boole honorary degrees, and the Royal Society of London elected him as a fellow. Boole was elected as an honorary member of the Cambridge Philosophical Society in 1858. He died of pneumonia on December 8, 1864, at the age of 50.