Artifact Details


The Cray-1 Supercomputer: 30th Anniversary Event--Celebrating the Man and the Machine, lecture by Bill Buzbee et al.

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Moving image


From abstract: " In 1976, Cray Research, Inc. delivered its first supercomputer to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, birthplace of the atomic bomb. The Cray-1, as it was known, was the fastest computer in the world and was a blend of Cray’s unique engineering style and an urgency for high performance computing borne of cold war competition between the United States and the Soviet Union.

For the next 30 years, Cray defined the limits of the possible for supercomputers by building the fastest machines in the world. In spite of the enormous influence on science and engineering of his machines, Seymour Cray himself worked in small groups in rural America and shunned publicity.

How could this one man and his hand-picked team of people build the fastest computers in the world? What does the Cray-1 tell us about the engineering, social and economic factors that coalesce into creating a stable technological artifact? Why did much larger computer companies abandon the field of supercomputing to this small but powerful foe? What, exactly, were these incredible machines used for?

These and other themes of the life and machines of Seymour Cray will be explored at the Computer History Museum in a panel lecture celebrating the Cray-1’s 30th anniversary. Panelists include: Bill Buzbee (Los Alamos, NCAR), Bo Ewald (Los Alamos, Cray) and Jack Worlton (Los Alamos). Burton Smith (Tera, Cray) will be the evening’s panel moderator.

A special gala photography exhibit of Cray Research by renowned American photographer Lee Friedlander will also be featured this night.

In 1975, as part of a special commission, American master photographer Lee Friedlander took these photographs at Cray Research, Inc., Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, birthplace of the Cray-1 supercomputer—then the fastest computer in the world.

The result was a landmark visual record documenting the assembly of this awe-inspiring machine and the people who made it. These photos formed part of a commemorative book given to Cray employees and a limited-edition set of photographs, part of which form this photo exhibit.

Together with tonight's panel discussion, guests will get a glimpse of the early world of high performance computing they won't see anywhere else."




Buzbee, Bill; Ewald, Robert "Bo"; Smith, Burton; Worlton, Jack


Computer History Museum

Place of Publication

Mountain View, CA, US





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