Artifact Details


Russian semiconductor pioneers : oral history series

Catalog Number





2012-05-14; 2012-05-15; 2012-05-16; 2012-05-17


Alferov, Zhores, Interviewee
Babayan, Boris, Interviewee
Bochannek, Alex, Interviewer
Grekhov, Igor V., Interviewee
Nosov, Yury R., Interviewee
Popov, Vladimir, Interviewee
Remacle, Rosemary, Interviewer
Russian Venture Company, Sponsor
Shokin, Alexander, Interviewee
Tsvetov, Victor, Interviewee


Computer History Museum

Place of Publication

Mountain View, California

Copyright Holder

Computer History Museum


These oral histories of Russian pioneers in microelectronics and computing technology offer a unique and fascinating insight into the development of these fields behind the Iron Curtain during the Cold War and later. You can understand the mindset and outlook of those who helped lead these fields. For those in the west, it provides tremendous insight into the operations of the Soviet technical establishment, including how they viewed the west, and the U.S. in particular, their dedication and allegiance to the Soviet system, the problems and challenges they had to deal with, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the Soviet “top down” system, vs. the free market system in the U.S. Included in their interviews is an in-depth view of how decisions were made, how the scientists regarded the U.S., and how they viewed their own country. These men worked extremely hard, were dedicated to serving their country above their careers, and made tremendous, often unappreciated, contributions to technology. There are even direct and personal comments about their knowledge of, and relationship with, two American defectors in the 1950s, Joel Barr and Alfred Sarant, who were known as Joseph Berg and Philip Staros, respectively within Russia.

Beyond the Cold War, the interviews tell the tale of the wrenching changes induced by the fall of the Soviet Union, the resulting impact on the personal lives and technology development in Russia, and how they have slowly adapted to a totally different market and political reality. Together, these interviews confirm some commonly held views of the Soviet system, while turning others on their head. A must read for anyone interested in the true story of how Russian technology developed and evolved over the past 70 years.




semiconductor history

Collection Title

Oral history collection

Series Title

Russian semiconductor pioneers

Lot Number