TitleCramming more components onto integrated circuits
DescriptionSubtitle: "With unit cost falling as the number of components per circuit rises, by 1975 economics may dictate squeezing as many as 65,000 components on a single silicon chip." By Gordon E. Moore, Director, Research and Development Laboratories, Fairchild Semiconductor division of Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp. This is the original magazine article that led to the hypthesis that today is called "Moore's Law." From: Electronics, Volume 38, Number 8, April 19, 1965. 4 scanned pages.
AuthorMoore, Gordon E.
Biographical NotesGordon Earle Moore was born in San Francisco, California, in 1929. He earned a B.S. in Chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in 1950 and a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from the California Institute of Technology in 1954. He joined Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory in 1956 and left to co-found Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957. He succeeded Robert Noyce as Director of the Research and Development Laboratory in 1959 and left to co-found Intel in 1968. He served initially as Executive Vice President, became President and Chief Executive Officer in 1975 and held that post until elected Chairman and Chief Executive Officer in 1979. He remained CEO until 1987 and was named Chairman Emeritus in 1997. Moore is widely known for “Moore’s Law”. In an article "Cramming More Components onto Integrated Circuits," published in Electronics magazine in 1965, he predicted that the number of transistors the industry would be able to place on a computer chip would double every year. In 1975, he updated his prediction to once every two years. Originally intended to stimulate customer interest in using more complex Fairchild ICs in their new system designs, it has evolved into a guiding principle for the industry to deliver ever-more-powerful semiconductor chips at proportionate decreases in cost. Moore and his wife established the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation in 2000 to fund projects aimed at improving the quality of life for future generations. He is a director of Gilead Sciences Inc., a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the IEEE. Moore also serves on the Board of Trustees of the California Institute of Technology. He received the National Medal of Technology from President George Bush in 1990.
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Collection TitleInformation Technology Corporate Histories Collection
PublicationsThe author contributed to the following publications during his service at Fairchild:
Allison, D. F., Baker, O. and Moore, G. E., KMC silicon planar transistors. 1961 International Electron Devices Meeting, vol. 7 (1961): 18.
Moore, G., Cramming more components onto integrated circuits. Electronics Magazine, vol. 38, no. 8 (1965-04-19).
Moore, G., “Microelectronics.” chap. 5 in Semiconductor Integrated Circuits, ed. Edward Keonjian. McGraw-Hill, 1963.
Moore, G. E., The MOS transistor as an individual device and in integrated arrays. Part 5 of the IEEE International Convention Record, (1965): 44-52.
Moore, G. E., Trends in silicon device technology. 1968 International Electron Devices Meeting, vol. 14 (1968): 12.