Artifact Details

Title

Lecture: Recollections of Early Paint Systems

Catalog Number

102624026

Type

Moving image

Date

2000-01-13

Participants

Shoup, Dick, Speaker
Smith, Alvy Ray, Speaker

Publisher

Computer History Museum

Duration

01:20:43

Format

VHS

Description

With the advent of 1 Kbit integrated circuit memories in the early 1970s, it became practical for the first time to build a semiconductor memory capable of holding an entire image and displaying it on a video monitor -- a picture memory or "frame buffer".

This led to developments in interactive frame buffers, painting and drawing programs and other graphics-oriented software at Xerox PARC, the University of Utah, MIT, the New York Institute of Technology (NYIT), and elsewhere, and ultimately to the entire field of pixel-based graphics.

Richard Shoup built SuperPaint, the first video-compatible frame buffer and painting system at Xerox PARC in 1973. His colleague and friend Alvy Ray Smith collaborated on SuperPaint and then went on to develop the first full-color paint program and much more at NYIT in the late 1970s.

In this talk, Shoup and Smith describe the original 1973 SuperPaint graphics system, demonstrate historical videos, and and tell some stories of their early adventures in pixel graphics.