Artifact Details


Frank da Cruz Kermit records

Catalog Number







da Cruz, Frank

Biographical Notes

Frank da Cruz was formerly Director of Communications Software Development at Columbia University and is known for his work on the Kermit Project. Da Cruz was born in 1944 in Washington D.C. and grew up in rural Virginia. He became increasingly interested in computer programming after being first exposed to it in 1965 while in the army. He attended Columbia University as a student starting in 1966 and received a BS in Sociology. Da Cruz worked as an employee and faculty member at Columbia University from 1974 to 2011. As an employee at Columbia, da Cruz worked on a 30-year project creating a file transfer and management protocol, known as the Kermit Project. After da Cruz was laid off in June 2011, the Kermit Project also came to an end.


30.42 linear feet in 23 record cartons and 5 manuscript boxes


The Frank da Cruz Kermit records house the records of Columbia University’s 30-year Kermit Project. The Kermit Project is a computer file transfer/management protocol and communications software tools set. The project was named after the fictional character in The Muppet Show television series with permission from Henson Associates, Inc. Kermit began in 1981 as a way to facilitate interconnection of diverse computers at Columbia and transfer of data between them. It continued to evolve and be distributed until the project’s termination in July 2011 following creator Frank da Cruz’s departure from Columbia University.

This collection, which dates from 1968 to 2006, includes manuals, magazines, books, correspondence, software, hardware, visual media, and ephemera. Materials in this collection fall into two main categories: those primarily related to Kermit, such as documentation and manuals, and those pertaining to other tools and technologies used at Columbia University during that time period. The Kermit materials consist of project files, published books and manuals, publicity articles, and press clippings. The other technical materials relate to various tools and standards used in the development and support of Kermit. These subjects include ARPANET, character-set standards, proprietary character set specifications, Unicode, and CCITT/ITU-U. There is also documentation pertaining to modems and terminals used at Columbia during the time of the Kermit Project. A majority of these technical materials are books and manuals.

Please see the attached inventory for a listing of items in this collection.


Manual; Book; Promotional Material


File Transfer Protocol; Columbia University; Da Cruz, Frank, 1944-; Kermit Project

Collection Title

Frank da Cruz Kermit records


Gift of Frank da Cruz

Lot Number