What Happened on July 4th

MIT Whirlwind
MIT Whirlwind
 
MIT's Whirlwind Allows Keyboard Input to the Machine
Direct keyboard input on computers debuted on MIT's Whirlwind, which had been completed five years earlier. The now-common method of input was revolutionary at a time when programmers offered instructions to machines by inserting punched cards and changing dials and switches.

The Whirlwind also helped bring in a new form of memory for computers: core memory, which was installed in 1953.