Timeline of Computer History

Manchester Mark I Williams-Kilburn tube

Manchester Mark I Williams-Kilburn tube

At Manchester University, Freddie Williams and Tom Kilburn develop the Williams-Kilburn tube. The tube, tested in 1947, was the first high-speed, entirely electronic memory. It used a cathode ray tube (similar to an analog TV picture tube) to store bits as dots on the screen’s surface. Each dot lasted a fraction of a second before fading so the information was constantly refreshed. Information was read by a metal pickup plate that would detect a change in electrical charge.

The Stanford Cart

The Stanford Cart

Stanford’s Stanley self-driving vehicle

Stanford's autonomous vehicle wins 2005 DARPA “Grand Challenge”

IBM 650

IBM 650 magnetic drum calculator introduced

The Road to Point Reyes

Lucasfilm produces The Road to Point Reyes

Intel 4 Mbit bubble memory array

Bubble memory